Mushrooms contain no sugar and are low GI making them a good food choice for everyone including diabetics. Mushrooms have a low carbohydrate level and the carbohydrate that is present is fibre. As the carbohydrate content of mushrooms is so low, the mushroom has a low GI. This means that they do not raise blood-sugar levels as significantly as carbohydrate-rich foods, such as bread.
Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot properly use and store food for energy. The main fuel that the body needs is called glucose, a form of sugar. Glucose and other sugars are present foods such as fruit, milk, some vegetables, starchy foods and sugar. Along with physical activity and not smoking, healthy eating is really important for preventing and managing diabetes. As they are low in calories and fat, have very little carbohydrate and provide some fibre, mushrooms are a delicious contribution to a healthy diet.
The latest research
Research has shown that reducing our intake of sugar and some other foods can help control blood-glucose levels. Other studies also suggest increasing the consumption of some foods can do the same. A recently published study demonstrated that portobello mushrooms had a beneficial effect on blood sugar and may moderate various postprandial glucose related responses.Mushroom powder reduced postprandial hypoglycemia (when blood sugar levels drop after a person eats food with high glycemic index) as well as moderating the rapid insulin decrease seen with glucose alone. Researchers also said that mushrooms might be able to check the tendency to eat more and so, help reduce food intake.This was only a small preliminary study but the results are promising.
Marsales H, Williams BT, LaMacchia ZM, Rideout TC, Horvath PJ. 2014. The effect of mushroom intake on modulating post-prandial glycemic response. Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology vol 28 (1) Suppl 647.48. http://www.fasebj.org/content/28/1_Supplement/647.48.abstract